Scotland - Counties List

The history of local administration divisions in Scotland is just as complex as the English and Welsh ones, if not more so. The current division became official in 1995 as a result of the Local Government Act of 1994 that established the final division of Scotland into 32 administrative areas referred to as “council areas”. These areas are governed by an elected council. These areas can choose to be referred to also by their Gaelic name, though so far only one council followed this path - the Council of the Western Isles is known as Comhairle Nan Eilean Siar. Another council area that made use of this law is the Highland Council that adopted the Gaelic name Comhairle na Gàidhealtachd to work alongside the English one.

Aberdeen City
16921 companies; 641 restaurants; 364 bars; 309 takeaways;
Aberdeenshire
10996 companies; 74 restaurants; 101 bars; 80 takeaways;
Angus
3817 companies; 157 restaurants; 121 bars; 80 takeaways;
Dundee City
7191 companies; 243 restaurants; 186 bars; 186 takeaways;
Edinburgh
50369 companies; 998 restaurants; 429 bars; 534 takeaways;
Falkirk
5054 companies; 257 restaurants; 121 bars; 133 takeaways;
Fife
11118 companies; 563 restaurants; 414 bars; 318 takeaways;
Glasgow City
44584 companies; 1358 restaurants; 373 bars; 738 takeaways;
Highland
9494 companies; 259 restaurants; 24 bars; 38 takeaways;
Moray
2512 companies; 111 restaurants; 58 bars; 56 takeaways;
North Lanarkshire
9826 companies; 310 restaurants; 251 bars; 388 takeaways;
Perth and Kinross
5459 companies; 448 restaurants; 128 bars; 143 takeaways;
Renfrewshire
6806 companies; 259 restaurants; 166 bars; 175 takeaways;
Scottish Borders
3325 companies; 336 restaurants; 176 bars; 76 takeaways;
South Lanarkshire
16431 companies; 747 restaurants; 237 bars; 47 takeaways;
West Dunbartonshire
1998 companies; 137 restaurants; 57 bars; 90 takeaways;
West Lothian
5523 companies; 219 restaurants; 108 bars; 161 takeaways;

The 32 existing areas reflect the historical 34 shires to various extent but the counties of Scotland have gone a long way and nowadays differ very much from their historical counterparts, in both names and boundaries. When it comes to demographics, the most populous region is Glasgow with roughly 593 thousand inhabitants and the least populous are the Orkney Islands with only about 21 thousand inhabitants. Geographically the largest county is the Highland with over 11,000 square miles, and the smallest one is Dundee, spanning only 67 square miles.

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